It is done only when it's important for your reader to see the actual language used by the author of the source.
To speak without notes.
Provide your readers with a condensed version of an author's key points.
Complete the sentence to the future continuous. I will call you soon.
Change the verbs in parenthesis into a correct future tense form. You will not pass your exams if you don't start working harder.
A writing skill that takes verbatim information from a source and gives credit to the writer.
Identify the use of future tense in the sentence below. Hurry up! The train departs in 10 minutes.
Restating the source in fewer words than the original but keeping the main point.
Meal at which guests serve themselves from food on a table.
3 idiots is a 2009 indian hindi-language coming-of-age comedy-drama film co-written (with abhijat joshi) and directed by rajkumar hirani. starring aamir khan, r. madhavan, sharman joshi, kareena kapoor, boman irani and omi vaidya, the film follows the friendship of three students at an indian engineering college and is a satire about the social pressures under an indian education system. the film is narrated through parallel dramas, one in the present and the other ten years in the past. it also incorporated real indian inventions, namely those created by remya jose, mohammad idris, jahangir painter and sonam wangchuk.
produced by vidhu vinod chopra under the banner vinod chopra films, 3 idiots received widespread critical and commercial success upon its release on december 25, 2009. the film was the highest-grossing film in its opening weekend in india, had the highest opening day collections for an indian film up until that point and also held the record for the highest net collections in the first week for a bollywood film. it also became one of the few indian films at the time to become successful in east asian markets such as china and japan, eventually bringing its worldwide gross to ₹392 crore ($90 million)[a]—it was the highest-grossing indian film ever at the time. the film also had a social impact on attitudes to education in india.
the film won six filmfare awards including best film and three national film awards including best popular film. overseas, it won the grand prize at japan's videoyasan awards while was nominated for best outstanding foreign language film at the japan academy awards and best foreign film at china's beijing international film festival. this film was remade in tamil as nanban (2012), which also received critical praise and commercial success. nanban had a telugu dubbed version titled snehitudu. a mexican remake, 3 idiotas, was also released in 2017
quantitative methods help researchers of different stripes gather data on a variety of subjects. researchers must choose their methods carefully, however, as one type of quantitative method design may not suit all types of research. some research requires a design which includes no applied treatment, experiment or anything that otherwise interferes with the subject of the research. this type of method is called "non-experimental" design and features some distinct advantages and disadvantages.: low-effort
sometimes research requires short, shallow data gathering, as in a survey. for example, if you wish to conduct a census, applying a treatment or otherwise involving the researcher in the process other than simply asking questions can disrupt the research. short surveys also have the advantage of not requiring researchers to administer them. researchers need only hand out the surveys and collect and study the data. this becomes a strong advantage when working with a minimum of researchers and funding or when keeping the number of variables in a study very low.disadvantage: shallow
the concise nature of non-experimental design becomes a disadvantage because it does not allow for the gathering of data post-treatment. gathering data post-treatment can introduce entire new areas for researchers to consider. without the inclusion of experimentation or applied treatments, the research becomes mostly one-dimensional -- focused on a small series of variables. the quick, grab-and-go nature of non-experimental quantitative design cannot deliver the same in-depth results as experimental design. non-experimental design often fails to produce an adequate amount of data from which researchers may draw complicated, revealing or truly valuable conclusions.advantage: non-invasive
non-experimental design has a distinct advantage in research applications in which active involvement or experiment by the researchers might be unethical. anthropological research illustrates this advantage quite well; when studying a human population, applying treatment or experimentation might interfere with the normal function, safety or peace-of-mind of the subjects. in some cases, experimental design in studies of humans can objectify the research subjects and, at its extreme, dehumanize them. whether attempting to preserve the natural, observable activities of a population or preserving their self-possession and dignity with a non-invasive approach, non-experimental design works quite well.disadvantage: proving correlation
gathering data with which to make an argument for correlation between variables lies at the center of research. quantitative methods designed with experimentation or applied treatments multiply the variety of ways researchers alter the variables within the research. for example, observing subject reactions in a single scenario can only reveal information about the few variables in that scenario. when a treatment or treatments are applied to that scenario, the amount of data researchers can gather greatly increases. the more the researchers observe an effect across a variety of different scenarios, the stronger the case for correlation. non-experimental quantitative method designs can fail to provide enough data to make a convincing argument for correlation, let alone causation.