“the essence of cross-cultural communication has more to do with releasing responses than with sending messages. it is more important to release the right response than to send the “right message.” to them, “communication” means getting you to buy their product or service.
where and when : ancient greece
as the sun drives out the night, the poet bids his companion to rise and accompany him. this companion is addressed later as “love” and is the famous “thou” whom the poet finds “enow” (enough) in the wilderness along with a book of verses and a loaf of bread. she acts as a foil to the poet’s meditations on their journey through the day, and this artful device gives the impression that the poet is addressing the reader as a familiar person. the narrator’s voice becomes the principal unifying element in the poem. by the eleventh stanza (in the first edition), the personal element is established, and one cannot resist the poet’s invitation to “come with old khayyám.”
eager to begin the day, the poet says he might hear a voice within the tavern chiding the drowsy ones for tarrying outside. he sees others waiting impatiently to enter the tavern, impatient because time is wasting and, when they are dead, they shall not return. the tavern, which symbolizes for the poet the world at large, is a place where one’s cup is filled with the “wine of life,” and one had better hurry to drink it, for the wine keeps draining away slowly. if the rose dies, others will take its place, the companion answers, implying that spring renews life, but the poet makes it clear that the rose symbolizes people who will be gone forever.
put such thoughts away, old khayyám urges, and go with him to the garden, where the names of kings and slaves are forgotten, where one can see, in the natural setting, images that teach how to enjoy the brief stay on earth. there, all the poet sees reminds him that life is short; everyone becomes dust and never returns. one is therefore well advised to live today and not worry about yesterday or tomorrow. in this verdant setting, the poet is reminded of the cyclic nature of life. spring renews the earth, but the rose and the hyacinth are nurtured by the buried bodies of those who have come and gone.